Web3 Architectural Models

Dmitry Namiot, Vasily Kupriyanovsky

Abstract


This article discusses the main architectural components (models) of Web3. There is some ambiguity in the literature regarding the latter designation. Web 3.0 still corresponds to the semantic web (as a further development of the Web 2.0 approach - dynamic content created by network users). In this article, Web3 technology is considered specifically as a decentralized web. The core idea of Web3 is to give data ownership back to users through decentralization. Web3 should allow users to have full control over the data and content they create. It is the users (owners of information) who must decide who can access this information. Web3 achieves this through decentralized data storage based on blockchain technologies and sovereign identity based on DAOs (decentralized autonomous organizations). The basic idea of Web3 is to implement a serverless Internet, that is, a global network in which users generate content that they own.


Full Text:

PDF (Russian)

References


O'Reilly T. What is web 2.0. – " O'Reilly Media, Inc.", 2009.

Hendler, Jim. "Web 3.0 Emerging." Computer 42.1 (2009): 111-113.

G. Wood, “DApps: What Web 3.0 Looks Like,” Apr. 2014. [Online].

Available: http://gavwood.com/dappsweb3.html

T. Gerring, “building the decentralized web 3.0,” Aug. 2014. [Online]. Available: https://blog.ethereum.org/2014/08/18/building-decentralized-web/

S. Voshmgir, Token economy: how the Web3 reinvents the internet, 2nd ed. Berlin: BlockchainHub, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://github.com/sherminvo/TokenEconomyBook

Lai, Y.; Yang, J.; Liu, M.; Li, Y.; Li, S. Web3: Exploring Decentralized Technologies and Applications for the Future of Empowerment and Ownership. Blockchains 2023, 1, 111-131

Mühle, Alexander, et al. "A survey on essential components of a self-sovereign identity." Computer Science Review 30 (2018): 80-86.

The difference between Web3 and Web 3.0 and the future of the Internet https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/difference-between-web3-web-30-future-internet-kirill-ostrovskii/ Retrieved: Jan, 2024

Father of the Internet Says Web 3.0 Doesn’t Need Blockchain Technology https://beincrypto.com/father-of-the-internet-says-web-3-0-doesnt-need-blockchain-technology/ Retrieved: Jan, 2024

Sambra, Andrei Vlad, et al. "Solid: a platform for decentralized social applications based on linked data." MIT CSAIL & Qatar Computing Research Institute, Tech. Rep. (2016).

Korpal, Gaurish, and Drew Scott. "Decentralization and web3 technologies." Authorea Preprints (2023).

Web3 Foundation https://web3.foundation/ Retrieved: Jan, 2024

Web3 stack https://web3-technology-stack.readthedocs.io/en/latest/ Retrieved: Jan, 2024

Zhang, Rui, Rui Xue, and Ling Liu. "Security and privacy on blockchain." ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR) 52.3 (2019): 1-34.

S. Nakamoto, “Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System,” Oct. 2008. [Online]. Available: https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf

V. Buterin, “Ethereum Whitepaper,” 2014. [Online]. Available: https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/blob/f83c4692be242ad350bef0c5f8757b7b3c27b2d9/%5BEnglish%5D-White-Paper.md

Kiberbezopasnost' https://cyber.cs.msu.ru/ Retrieved: Jan 25.2024.

Xiao, Yang, et al. "A survey of distributed consensus protocols for blockchain networks." IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials 22.2 (2020): 1432-1465.

J. Poon and T. Dryja, “The Bitcoin Lightning Network: Scalable Off-Chain Instant Payments,” Jan. 2016. https://lightning.network/lightning-network-paper.pdf Retrieved: Jan 2024

Top 5 blockchain protocols https://zebpay.com/blog/top-5-blockchain-protocols Retrieved: Jan 2024

OPEN, PERMISSIONED DISTRIBUTED PLATFORM https://r3.com/products/corda/ Retrieved: Jan 2024

Gangwal, Ankit, Haripriya Ravali Gangavalli, and Apoorva Thirupathi. "A survey of Layer-two blockchain protocols." Journal of Network and Computer Applications 209 (2023): 103539.

Miers, Ian, et al. "Zerocoin: Anonymous distributed e-cash from bitcoin." 2013 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy. IEEE, 2013.

Benet, Juan. "Ipfs-content addressed, versioned, p2p file system." arXiv preprint arXiv:1407.3561 (2014).

Steichen, Mathis, et al. "Blockchain-based, decentralized access control for IPFS." 2018 Ieee international conference on internet of things (iThings) and ieee green computing and communications (GreenCom) and ieee cyber, physical and social computing (CPSCom) and ieee smart data (SmartData). IEEE, 2018.

Wang, Qin, et al. "Non-fungible token (NFT): Overview, evaluation, opportunities and challenges." arXiv preprint arXiv:2105.07447 (2021).

Ahubele, B.O. & Okolai, B.D. (2022): A Formal Verification Model for Security Vulnerability in Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) Platform. Journal of Advances in Mathematical & Computational Sciences. Vol. 9, No. 2. pp. 61-74.

ERC-20 vs ERC-721 vs ERC-1155 https://de.fi/blog/erc-1155-vs-erc-721-nft-standards#:~:text=ERC%2D721%20is%20a%20token,one%2Dto%2Done%20basis. Retrieved: Jan 2024

Singh, Madhusudan, and Shiho Kim. "Blockchain technology for decentralized autonomous organizations." Advances in computers. Vol. 115. Elsevier, 2019. 115-140.

Wang, Shuai, et al. "Decentralized autonomous organizations: Concept, model, and applications." IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems 6.5 (2019): 870-878.

Research Summary: A Decision Model for Decentralized Autonomous Organization Platform Selection: Three Industry Case Studies https://www.smartcontractresearch.org/t/research-summary-a-decision-model-for-decentralized-autonomous-organization-platform-selection-three-industry-case-studies/1157 Retrieved: Jan, 2024

Wu, Kaidong, et al. "A first look at blockchain‐based decentralized applications." Software: Practice and Experience 51.10 (2021): 2033-2050.

Decentralised Applications (DApps) https://research.csiro.au/blockchainpatterns/general-patterns/deployment-patterns/dapp/ Retrieved: Jan, 2024

Zetzsche, Dirk A., Douglas W. Arner, and Ross P. Buckley. "Decentralized finance (defi)." Journal of Financial Regulation 6 (2020): 172-203.

Xu, Jiahua, et al. "Sok: Decentralized exchanges (dex) with automated market maker (amm) protocols." ACM Computing Surveys 55.11 (2023): 1-50.

Kuprijanovskij, V. P., D. E. Namiot, and S. A. Sinjagov. "Demistifikacija cifrovoj jekonomiki." International Journal of Open Information Technologies 4.11 (2016): 59-63.

Kuprijanovskij, V. P., et al. "Roznichnaja torgovlja v cifrovoj jekonomike." International Journal of Open Information Technologies 4.7 (2016): 1-12.

Namiot, D. E., et al. "Prilozhenija blokchejn na transporte." International Journal of Open Information Technologies 5.12 (2017): 130-134.

Kuprijanovskaja, Ju. V., et al. "Umnyj kontejner, umnyj port, BIM, Internet Veshhej i blokchejn v cifrovoj sisteme mirovoj torgovli." International Journal of Open Information Technologies 6.3: 2018.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Abava  Кибербезопасность IT congress 2023

ISSN: 2307-8162