Classification of soil types based on suitable plants using Multiclass Classification Artificial Neural Network

Ivan Budianto, Nova El Maidah, Saiful Bukhori


Soil conditions are one of the factors that determine plant growth. For plants, soil is a place for plant growth, a place for air supply, a place for nutrient supply, and a place for plant growth. Soil conditions are divided into two, namely chemically and physically. Chemical soil conditions include the content of Sodium, Phosphorus, Hydrogen, Potassium and Calcium. Meanwhile, physically it includes daily temperature, humidity, pH, and rainfall. This research develops a neural network model to recognize soil condition data patterns with predetermined parameters. The parameters used in this research were the chemical conditions of the soil, namely levels of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium, as well as the physical condition of the soil which included temperature, humidity, pH and rainfall. After identifying the soil condition data pattern, it is used to classify soil types based on the appropriate plants. This research develops a model with 9 scenarios that vary in the ratio of data splitting and the number of layers used. Based on all trials conducted, the best scenario is the splitting of 90% training data, 5% validation data, and 5% test data with 4 layers. This model has a training accuracy of 99.30%, a validation accuracy of 99.24%, and a test accuracy of 98.93%. Model testing in this scenario is also the best with 99.24% precision, 99.49% recall, and 99.32% F1 score.

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